While philosophical therapy deals with many of the same life issues that psychology-based therapy does, it does not primarily seek the source of the problem in the client’s past, but rather in his or her current state of understanding.

Histories and memories may well be relevant in discovering a client’s worldview, but philosophical therapy focuses on addressing the intellectual perspectives that give rise to our particular emotions and reactions.

No theories of the self or human nature are assumed, and no standards of psychological ‘normality’ are applied. Philosophical therapy allows clients to take an active role in investigating and challenging their own ideas and beliefs.

The aim is not simply to heal old wounds but to open up futures that can be lived more consciously and meaningfully. In this I see my practice as quite different from but not incompatible with most psychology-based therapies.